Creek Printmakers originated as members of a linocut printmaking workshop given by Hugh Ribbans. Other printing methods such as collagraph and silkscreen are also important to individual artists in the group.
A design is cut into the linoleum surface with a gouge, with the raised (uncarved) areas representing the mirror image of the parts to show printed. The linoleum block is inked with a roller and then impressed onto paper using a press or even by rubbing the back of the paper with a spoon.
This is a very free and experimental method of printmaking. The collagraph plate is a collage made by gluing a range of textured materials onto a base to form a low relief image. The printing-plate is built up rather than cut away as in lino printing. The ink can be rolled onto the surface of the plate or brushed into the indents. When printed on a press, the paper takes the impression of the textured surface as well as the inked image.
A type of printmaking made by drawing or painting on a smooth, non-absorbent surface, such as glass. The image is then transferred onto a sheet of paper by pressing the two together, usually using a printing-press. Monotypes can also be created by inking an entire surface and then, using brushes or rags, removing ink to create the image. Monotyping produces a unique print, or monotype; most of the ink is removed during the initial pressing although a second lighter ‘ghost print’ is sometimes possible.
A screen is made of a piece of mesh stretched over a frame. A stencil is formed by blocking off parts of this screen in the negative image of the design to be printed. This can be a simple cut-paper stencil, an image hand-drawn directly onto the screen or a photostencil of a drawing, design or photograph. Ink is pushed through the open mesh onto the paper using a squeegee.